Nantes, Edict of

   The Edict of Nantes was a decree giving partial religious freedom to the huguenots, proclaimed by King henry IV in 1598, and revoked by louis XIV in 1685. The edict ended the series of religious wars between Catholics and Protestants in France fought from 1562 to 1598. During the course of these wars, a number of ineffectual treaties were concluded, implying various privileges for the Huguenots. The Edict of Nantes included the religious provisions of these treaties and added a number of others. By the terms of the edict, the Huguenots were granted liberty of conscience throughout France. They were permitted to hold religious services and build churches in specified towns and villages, and in the suburbs of any city, except those that were episcopal and archiepiscopal sees, royal residences, or within a certain radius of Paris, while services were permitted in the domiciles of the Huguenot nobility. As a guarantee of protection, 100 sites were designated as fortified cities for a period of eight years. Four schools or universities were also allowed to be Huguenot (Montauban, Montpellier, Sedan, and Saumur). All followers of the faith were granted civil rights, including the right to hold political office, and a special court, the Chambre de l'édit (composed of 10 Catholics and six Protestants), was established to protect Huguenots in the Parlement of Paris, with corresponding courts established in the provincial parlements. Huguenot pastors were to be funded, as were the Catholic clergy, by the government. Although the edict of toleration was unique for its time, its provisions were never fully enforced, even during the reign of Henry iv. in 1629, Cardinal Richelieu annulled its political provisions. Persecution of the Protestants, including pressure to convert (1676), resumed during the reign of Louis XIV and culminated in the Dragonnades (persecution of French Protestants by soldiers of the Royal Dragoons) of 1680. When the Edict of Nantes was revoked, more than 200,000 Huguenots (officials, industrialist, merchants, artisans, farmers) were forced to emigrate, settling particularly in Holland and Prussia, while inside France, continued persecution provoked a number of uprisings, including that of the camisards.

France. A reference guide from Renaissance to the Present . 1884.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • NANTES, EDICT OF —    edict granted by Henry IV. 1598, allowing to Protestants religious liberty and political enfranchisement, and confirmed by Louis XIII. in 1614, but revoked, after frequent infringements, in the shape of dragonnades and otherwise, by Louis XIV …   The Nuttall Encyclopaedia

  • Nantes, Edict of — (April 13, 1598) Law promulgated by Henry IV of France to grant religious liberty and full civil rights to the Protestant Huguenots. It stipulated that Protestant pastors were to be paid by the state, and public worship was permitted in most of… …   Universalium

  • Nantes, Edict of —  Нантский эдикт …   Вестминстерский словарь теологических терминов

  • Nantes, Edict of — …   Useful english dictionary

  • Edict of Nantes — Edict E dict, n. [L. edictum, fr. edicere, edictum, to declare, proclaim; e out + dicere to say: cf. F. [ e]dit. See {Diction}.] A public command or ordinance by the sovereign power; the proclamation of a law made by an absolute authority, as if… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Nantes — • French diocese re established by the Concordat of 1802 Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006. Nantes     Nantes (Nannetes)     † …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • Edict — E dict, n. [L. edictum, fr. edicere, edictum, to declare, proclaim; e out + dicere to say: cf. F. [ e]dit. See {Diction}.] A public command or ordinance by the sovereign power; the proclamation of a law made by an absolute authority, as if by the …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Edict von Nantes — Edict von Nantes, von dem franz. Könige Heinrich IV. am 13. April 1598 gegebene Verordnung, durch welche den Hugenotten unter gewissen Beschränkungen die Ausübung ihrer Religion gestattet wurde; aufgehoben durch Ludwig XIV. 1685 …   Herders Conversations-Lexikon

  • Edict — Edict, so v.w. Edictum, bes. 5); so: E. von Amboise, gegeben 1572 von Karl IX. König von Frankreich; enthält Bestimmungen über die neue Organisation der Polizei; E. von Chateaubriand, gegeben 1551 von Heinrich II, enthielt Bestimmungen über die… …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Nantes — (spr. Nangt), 1) Arrondissement im französischen Departement Loire inférieure; 35,25 QM., 215,000 Ew.; 2) Hauptstadt des Departements u. Arrondissements, an der Loire (mit 12 Brücken), der Sèvre u. Erdre, noch 10 Meilen vom Atlantischen Ocean… …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

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